Transformasi Paradigma Teologi Teosentris Menuju Antroposentris:Telaah atas Pemikiran Hasan Hanafi

M. Gufron

Abstract


Hassan Hanafi is one of the contemporary Islamic scholars who gives considerable attention to classical Islamic theology (kalam Islam). For him Islamic theology, such as the Ash’ari’s Kalam, cannot be proven scientifically also philosophically. Classical Islamic theology practically cannot be used as a view that can motivate the increasing of concrete actions in human life. This is caused by the compilation of classical Islamic theology tends not to be based on the pure awareness and the values of human actions. So that this creates a split between the theoretical faith into the practical faith of ummah. In turn, this conditions create the multiple moral attitudes or secretism of personality that makes Islamic society worse in poverty, oppression, backwardness and ignorance. For this problems, Hassan Hanafi offered a reconstruction that is to change a more grounded theological paradigm; that is from theocentric (God is the central of everything) to be anthropocentric (humanbeing is the central of everything). If the first paradigm sees world affairs as a matter of God, then the second paradigm sees world affairs as human affairs.


Keywords


Hassan Hanafi; Transformation; Islamic Theology; Theocentrism; Antropocentrism

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, Amin Abdullah, Filsafat Kalam Di Era Postmodernisme, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 1995

Azhar, Muhammad, dkk, Studi Islam dalam Percakapan Epistemologis, Yogyakarta: Sipres, 1998

Basis, no.05-06, than ke-51, mei-juni 2002

Carroll, Dennis, What Is Liberation Theology, Sydney X Wellington : E.J Devyer,t.th

Chirzin, Muhammad, Kontroversi Jihad Di Indonesia, Yogyakarta: Pilar Media, 2006

Enginer, Asghar Ali, Islam dan Pembebasan,terj. Haris .S dan Baihaqi, Yogyakarta: LKIS,1993

……………………, Islam dan Teologi Pembebasan, terj. Oleh Agung Prihantoro, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2000

Esposito, John L, The Oxford Encykopledi Of The Modern Islamic World, New York Oxford University Press,1995

From, Erich, Revolusi Harapan,terj. Kamdani, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 1996

Garder, Jostein, Dunia Shopie, terj. Rahmani Astuti, Bandung: Mizan, 1997

Gustavio Gutterez, A Teology of liberation, New York: Maryknell, 1973

Hanafi, Hassan , Islam Wahyu Sekuler, Gagasan Kritis Hassan Hanafi. Terj. M. Zaki Husein, M. Nur Khaerani, Jakarta: instad, 2000

………………., Islam in The Modern World Religion, Ideology and Development, Heliopolis: Dar Kebaa BooK Shop,t.th

………………., Agama Ideologi dan Pembangunan, terj. Sonhaji Shaleh, Jakarta:P3M 1991

………………., Al-Din wa al-Tsawrah Fi Mishra 1952-1981, Kairo: Makatabah Madbuli, 1989

………………., Apa arti Kiri Islam., terj. M. Imam Azis, dan M. Jadul Maula, Yogyakarta: LKIS, 1981

………………., Bongkar Tafsir: Liberalisasi, Revolusi, Hermeneutik, terj., Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz Media, 2005

………………., From Faith To Revolution, Makalah.

………………., Islam in The Modern World: Religion, Ideologi and Development, Heliopolis Dar Kebaa Bookjshop, t.th

………………., Origin Of Modern Conservation And Islamic Fundamentalisme, Amsterdam:University of Amsterdam, 1979

………………., terj., Rekonstruksi Pemahaman Tradisi Islam Klasik, Malang: Kutub Minar, 2004

…………………,Muqaddimah Fi Ilm al-Istighrab, Kairo:Dar al-Fanniyah, 1981

………………., Dirasah Islamiyyah, Kairo: Maktabah al-Mishriyyah, t.th

………………., From Faith to Revolution, Makalah Tahun 1985

………………., Min al-Aqidah Ila al-Tsawrah; Muhawalatun Li I'adat Bina' Ushul al-Din, Kairo: Maktabah Madbuli. 1988

………………., Tafsir Fenomenologi. Trj. Yudian Wahyudi, Yogyakarta: Pesantren Pasca Sarjana Bismillah Press, 2001

Kusnadiningrat, E., Teologi dan Pembebasan, Gagasan Islam Kiri Hassan Hanafi, Jakarta: Logos, 1999

Machasin, "Teologi Revolusioner Hassan Hanafi", Makalah , Maret 1996

Madjid, Nurcholis (ed), Khazanah Intelektual Islam, Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1984

Madjid, Nurcholis, Aktualisasi Ajaran aswaja, dalam Islam menatap Masa depan, Jakarta; P3M,1989

Madjid, Nurcholish Madjid, Islam Doktrin dan Peradaban, Jakarata; Paramadina, 2000

Mansur, Muhammad, Kritik Hassan Hanafi atas pemikiran kalam Klasik, Laporan Penelitian Individual, Proyek Perguruan Tinggi IAIN Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta tahun 1999/2000

Nurhakim, Moh, NeoModernisme Dalam Islam, Malang :UMM Press, 2001

Pribadi, Air langga, Yudhie R. Haryono, Post Islam Liberal, Membangun Dentuman Mentradisikan Eksperimentasi, Jakarta: PT. Pasarindo Bungamas Nagari, 2002

Al-Qabas nomor 6343, 05 Januari 1990.

Rachman, Budhy Munawar (ed) Kontekstualisasi Doktrin Islam Dalam Sejarah, Jakarta: Yayasan Paramadina, 1994

Rahman, Fazlur, Islam and Modernity,Transformation Of An Intelelectual Tradition, Chicago, London: The University of Chicago Press,1982

Rahman, Fazlur, Islam, ter. Ahsin Muhammad, Bandung: Pustaka ,2000

Richardson, Alan & John Bowden, A New Dictionary of Cristian Teology, London: Scp Press Ltd, 1985

Ridwan, AH., Reformasi Intelektual Islam, Pemikiran Hassan Hanafi Tentang Reaktualisasi Tradisi keilmuan Islam, Yogyakarta:Ittaqa Press, 1998

Rumadi, Masyarakat Post-teologi, Wajah Baru Agama dan demokratisasi Indonesia, Jakarta: CV Mustika Bahmid, 2002

Shoub, Hassan, Islam dan Revolusi Pemikiran, Dialog Kreatif Ketuhanan dan Kemanusiaan, Surabaya: Risalah Gusti, 1997

Verhak, C. dan R, Haryono Imam, Filsafat Ilmu Pengetahuan; telaah atas cara kerja Ilmu-ilmu, Jakarta;Gramedia Pustaka Utama,1997




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18326/mlt.v3i1.141-171

StatisticsArticle Statistic

This article has been read : 21 times | PDF file viewed : 3 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Salatiga

Jl. Nakula Sadewa V No. 9, Kota Salatiga, Jawa Tengah 50722
Lt. 2 Gedung Skretariat Fakultas Ushuluddin Adab dan Humaniora