The Archaeology of Motzki’s Studies on Hadith: Study of The Origin of Isnad Cum Matn Method

Imam Sahal Ramdhani

Abstract


Hadith studies, especially the discourse of the dating of hadith, become Western Scholarship's concern. Some of them include the Revisionist or the Skeptic group such as Ignaz Goldziher, Joseph Schacht, Juynboll, Michael Cook, Patricia Crone, Norman Calder, and others. Their paradigm, idea, and theory dominate around the hadith studies. This domination spread not only in Europe but also in other areas. Then Harald Motzki, as one of the Sanguine group members, challenges their idea and paradigm with his theory, the Isnad Cum Matn method. This method is combined both The Revisionist method and The Sanguine method. It is essential to investigate the nature of the Isnad Cum Matn method and the genesis of this discourse. The questions now present itself; what is the epistemological structure of Motzki's study on hadith? What is the archaeological dimension of the Isnad Cum Matn method? This research uses epistemology, genealogy, and the archaeology of knowledge as the analytical theory. The type of this research is library research. The source of the primary data of this research is from two of Motzki's main book. There are The Origins of Islamic Jurisprudence Meccan Fiqh before The Classical School and Analyzing Muslim Tradition. The data analysis is described by descriptive method, taxonomy method, interpretative method, and the comparative method. Based on this research, we can conclude several points.

The first is that the Isnad Cum Matn's epistemological structure relies on the source, the methodology, and validity. The Isnad Cum Matn method's source comes from the classical hadith collection, the transmitter's biography, and the Western scholars' theories. The methodology of the isnad cum matn shows the combination between the Revisionist and the Sanguine theories. The Isnad Cum Matn method's validity depends on the historical data of the transmitter, the structural correspondences of the bundle of isnad, and the connections of Mutun. The second is that the Isnad Cum Matn method is not built from a "space," but this method's nature came from many aspects offered by many scholars. The discourse formation of the dating hadith issue shows that his theory connected to many scholars' theories before him. The discourse appears by the relation among scholars (geo-academical scholars) and the political factor. The discourse of the Isnad Cum Matn is constructed by the hegemony of the Sanguine paradigm. The characteristic of this paradigm is anti-Eurocentrism, self-reflective, and self-critics. The Sanguine paradigm is controlled by the Sanguine scholars who relate with Deutsche Morgenlandischen Gessellschacft and the Albert Hourani Award.

Keywords


Harald Motzki; Isnad Cum Matn; Archaeology of Knowledge

References


Abbot, Nabia. Studies in Arabic Literary Papyri II: Qur’anic Commentary and Tradition. The University of Chicago Press. 1976

Amin, Kamaruddin. Menguji Kembali Keakuratan Metode Kritik Hadis. Hikmah: Jakarta. 2009

Bakker, Anton and Zubair, Ahmad Charris. Metodologi Penelitian Filsafat. Yogyakarta: Kanisius. 1994.

Berg, Herbert. The Development of Exegesis in Early Islam. Curzon. 2000

Biyanto. Filsafat Ilmu dan Ilmu Keislaman. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2015.

Goldziher, Ignaz. Muslim Studies. 2 vols. London 1967

Idri. Epistemologi: Ilmu Pengetahuan, Ilmu Hadis, dan Ilmu Hukum Islam. Jakarta: Kencana. 2015.

Juynboll, G.H.A. “(Re) Appraisal of Some Technical Terms in Hadith Science” on Islamic Law and Society. vol. . no 3. Leiden: Brill. 2001

--------------------. Encyclopedia of Canonical Hadith. Leiden: Brill. 2007

--------------------. Muslim Tradition: Studies in Chronology Provenance and Authorship of Early Hadith. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2008

--------------------. Studies on The Origins and Uses of Islamic Hadith. Variorum Collected Studies Series. Aldeshot. 1996

--------------------, “Dyieng the Hair and Beard in Early Islam A Hadith Analyctical Study”, dalam Arabica, T 33, Leiden: Brill, 1986

--------------------. “Some Notes on Islam’s First Fuqaha Distilled from Early Hadith Literature”. on Arabica. T 39. Leiden: Brill. 1992

--------------------. “The Date of The Great Fitna” on Arabica. T 20. Leiden: Brill. 1973

--------------------. “The Qurra in Early Islamic History” on Journal of The Economic and Social History of Orient. Vol. 16. Leiden: Brill. 1973

--------------------. “The Role of ‘Muammarun’ in the Early Development of the ‘Isnad’” on Wiener Zeitschrift fur die Kunde des Morgenlandes. Viena: Department of Oriental Studies. 1991

Masrur, Ali. Teori Common Link G.H.A Juynboll

Melchert, Christopher. “Tradisionalist-Jurisprudence and the Framing of Islamic Law”. Islamic Society and Law. Leiden: Brill. 2001

Minhaji, Akh. Joseph Schacht’s Contribution To The Study of Islamic Law, Thesis. Canada: Institute of Islamic Studies McGill University. 1992

Motzki, Harald. “Dating Muslim Traditions: A Survey” on Arabica. LII, Leiden: Brill NV. 2005

------------------. “Motzki Reliable Transmitter: A Short Answer to P. Gledhill” on Islamic Law and Society 19. Leiden: Brill. 2012

------------------. “Theme Issue: Methods of Dating Early Legal Traditions” on Islamic Law and Society 19. Leiden: Brill. 2012

------------------. Analysing Muslim Tradition: Studies in Legal, Exegetical and Maghazi Hadith. Leiden: Brill, 2010

------------------. The Origins of Islamic Jurisprudence Meccan Fiqh before The Classical School. Leiden: Brill. 2002

------------------. “Dating The So-Called Tafsir Ibn Abbas: Some Additional Remarks” on Jerussalem Studies in Arabic and Islam 31. Jerussalem: The Hebrew University of Jerussalem. 2006

------------------. “The Role of Non Arab Converts in The Development of Early Islamic Law” on Islamic Law and Society 6,3. Leiden: Brill. 1999

Mustaqim, Abdul. Epistemologi Tafsir Kontemporer. Yogyakarta: LKIS. 2012.

P.J. Gledhill. “Motzki Forger: The Corpus of Follower Ata in Two Early 3/9 Century Hadith Compedia”. Islamic Law and Society 19. Leiden: Brill. 2012.

Reinhart, Kevin. “Juynbolliana, Gradualism, the Big Bang and Hadith Study in the Twenty-First Century” on Journal of the American Oriental Society. 2010.

Schacht, Joseph. The Origins of Muhammadan Jurisprudence. Oxford. 1950

Scott. C. Lucas, “Where are the Legal ‘Hadith’? A Study of the Musannaf of Ibn Abi Sayba”, Islamic Law and Society vol 15, Leiden: Brill, 2008

Sezgin, Fuat. Geschichte des Arabischen Schrifttums. vol 1. Leiden 1967

Titus, Harold. Persoalan-Persoalan Filsafat, transliteration Rasjidi, Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1984




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18326/mlt.v5i2.%25p

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Institut Agama Islam Negeri (IAIN) Salatiga

Jl. Nakula Sadewa V No. 9, Kota Salatiga, Jawa Tengah 50722
Lt. 2 Gedung Skretariat Fakultas Ushuluddin Adab dan Humaniora