Being Christian Women in The Veranda of Mecca: Symbolizing of Jilbab as In-Between Position

Titis Thoriquttyas

Abstract


This study sketches light on the implementation of sharia law in Aceh which does not explicitly oblige the Christians to wear jilbab (headscarf). However, in reality some Christian women perforce in wearing headscarf in public. Unlike many other studies which highlighted on the implementation of sharia law, this study pinpoints the attitude of Acehnese Christian women’s negotiation as the minority who live under the sharia law. The participative observation is implemented in Langsa, Aceh which is supported by using deep interview to Christian housewifes, teachers and students. This study examines life context politically, socially and religiously which encourages them in wearing headscarf and their experience in negotiating their identity as Acehnese Christian women. This study is based on habitus’s theory of Pierre Bourdie, Subaltern theory and in-between theory of Bhaba to explain the negotiation effort of Christian women in the Veranda of Mecca. This study reveals that the decision upon wearing headscarf has been a long and bitter process which involves social and personal pressure from Muslims and Christians. Furthermore, the implementation of sharia law in Aceh has created a hybrid culture among Christian women: as form of in-between, being Christian and the Veranda of Mecca community.


Keywords


Acehnese Christian Women, Jilbab, Sharia-by law

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References


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INTERVIEWS LIST

Dewi Kemalasari (35 years), Keumala Foundation, 15th May 2014

Linda (26 years), a nutritionist in Puskesmas Langsa Lama, 16th May 2014

Mayasari (20 years), a university student in University of Samudra, Langsa, 16th May 2014

Selly (38 years), a civil servant, 16th May 2014

Riama (30 years), a primary school teacher in SDN Sidorejo, Langsa, 17th May 2014

Gurniati (37 years), a school teacher in SMPN 9, Langsa, 15th May 2014

Dina (40 years), a school teacher in SMKN 3 Langsa, 17th May 2014

Tetty (44 years), a school teacher in SMKN 3 Langsa, 16th May 2014


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